There is no cure for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, but there are medications that can help treat the symptoms.
1. The first step in treating juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is to control the inflammation that occurs in the joints.
2. Your doctor may prescribe a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like ibuprofen or naproxen or a corticosteroid like prednisone. These drugs are designed to reduce swelling and pain and improve joint function, but they can also have side effects.
3. Taking too many NSAIDs can cause stomach ulcers or bleeding from the stomach or intestines while taking prednisone over time can cause muscle weakness, high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, weight gain, and mood changes.
4. Other drugs that may be prescribed include methotrexate or a biologic therapy such as infliximab (Remicade). These drugs work by reducing your immune system's response to certain triggers like stress or infection. They're very effective at controlling inflammation in your joints but have some serious side effects, so they should only be used when other treatments aren't working well enough.
Other medications include:
1. Corticosteroids: These are the most common medications used to treat arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. They work by slowing down the immune system, which reduces inflammation and pain. Corticosteroids can be taken orally or injected into the body.
2. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs): These are a class of medications that treat rheumatoid arthritis by slowing down or preventing the immune system from attacking joints in the body. DMARDs include methotrexate (also called MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil), and gold salts.
3. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These meds relieve symptoms of arthritis by reducing inflammation and pain in your joints. NSAIDs include ibuprofen (Advil) and naproxen sodium (Aleve).
Joint pain and stiffness,Stiffness, swelling, and warmth in the joints,Swelling in other parts of the body, such as the tendons, muscles, or eyes
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis,Osteoarthritis,Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD),Lupus,Fibromyalgia