Arthritis is a disease that affects your joints and causes pain, swelling, and stiffness. There are many different types of arthritis, but the most common type is osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear on the joints over time. It's more common in older people, but it can happen at any age. Osteoarthritis can also be caused by injury or repetitive stress on the joints.
1. The most common medication is called prednisone. It is an anti-inflammatory corticosteroid drug that is usually used to treat inflammation and swelling in the joints of patients with arthritis. The main side effect of prednisone is fluid retention, which can increase your blood pressure and cause bloating or swelling in your face and fingers.
2. Another common medication is methotrexate, which suppresses the immune system's inflammatory response by using a different mechanism than prednisone. This drug can cause liver damage if taken in large doses over time, so it should be taken only under a doctor's supervision. Other side effects include bone marrow suppression (which can lead to infections), low white blood cell counts (which increases susceptibility to infection), diarrhea and nausea, hair loss, fatigue and muscle pain.
There are many medications for arthritic rheumatoid disease. These include:
1. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) - These drugs can be taken to relieve pain, and reduce inflammation and swelling. They include ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen. These are available over the counter but some require a prescription.
2. Corticosteroids - These reduce inflammation in the body and can be injected directly into joints or taken as tablets or injections. They have side effects such as thinning of the bones and increased risk of infection.
3. Immunosuppressants - These drugs help your immune system to work less effectively so it cannot attack healthy tissue such as joints. They may be used if other treatments do not work well enough or if there is a risk of complications from them such as infections. They include methotrexate, cyclosporin A and azathioprine.
Pain or stiffness in your joints,Swelling of your fingers, wrists, elbows, knees or ankles,Warmth over the affected area,Tenderness when pressing on the joint,A feeling of weakness in your legs if you have arthritis involving your hips or knees
Lupus (Systemic lupus erythematosus),Psoriatic arthritis,Ankylosing spondylitis,Reactive arthritis (Reiter's syndrome),Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Methotrexate,Corticosteroids,NSAIDs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs),Antibiotics,Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)